NUML journal of critical inquiry <div class="col-lg-12"> <p>NUML Journal of Critical Inquiry (NUML JCI) E ISSN 2789-4665, P ISSN 2222-5706 is a continuation of NUML Research Magazine, with revised and improved parameters, approved by the Higher Education Commission of Pakistan. The contributions are duly abstracted and indexed by ProQuest, CSA Linguistics and Language Behavior Abstracts database (USA). NUML JCI is listed in ProQuest Academic Research Library. NUML JCI has also signed agreements with ProQuest and Ebscohost for international distribution, abstracting, and indexing services. The journal aims at investigating and bringing forth innovative research-based concepts and practices at national and international levels, and promotes scholarly research in the domains of Language, Literature, Linguistics, and Education. The journal provides platform to researchers, classroom practitioners and academic professionals to share their novel theoretical and practical research initiatives. NUML JCI hosts stimulating, inspiring, and informative research papers catering to the complex and increasingly diversifying multidimensional needs of learners, teachers and professionals in diverse contexts. Contributions that break new grounds in the prescribed fields of knowledge, initiate interdisciplinary debates, tap into the latest ideas in pedagogy and creative thinking, and produce knowledge through reasoning and research are welcomed. The journal also accepts Book Reviews in the related areas. NUML JCI not only encourages authors to be creative but also attempts to motivate and guide readers to be inquisitive, creative, and critical in approach. It encourages creative freedom of expression and provides a space for enunciation that may help discipline the intellectual minds to come forth with a logically set frame of innovative ideas in various fields of study. The journal is constantly striving to achieve excellence by promoting quality research. It is also committed to forge ahead with a zeal to set standards of quality and academic integrity. In recognition of its efforts and contribution to research, the journal was upgraded to “CATEGORY Y” by Higher Education Commission of Pakistan in January 2016.</p> <h3>Vision</h3> <p><em>NUML Journal of Critical Inquiry</em> <em>(NUML JCI)</em> aims to connect different paradigms of research while overcoming restrictions that impact freedom and creativity. With the diffused boundaries of research, our journal aspires for a uniqueness to explore untrodden territories. Our journal encourages the researchers to peer deeper into our social, cognitive, and scientific systems than ever before. Novelty in research and dynamic approach in exploring areas of interest have always been a forte of potentially creative researchers, but none has witnessed a riper time before. Our journal seeks to combine human cognition with interactive environment and motivational stimuli in order to bear sufficient impetus to bring forth newer insights into areas of everyday familiarity. </p> </div> <div class="col-lg-12"> <h3>Aims and Objectives</h3> <p><em>NUML Journal of Critical Inquiry</em> <em>(NUML JCI)</em> (ISSN 2222-5706) is an HEC recognized biannual peer-reviewed journal which strictly follows double blind peer review process and shows zero tolerance for work which is not original. At the same time, it encourages and welcomes such novelty, originality, and motivational contribution that can set new trends and establish new norms. The journal aims to be a trend setter in multidisciplinary research fields. We believe in facilitation, quality and striving for excellence. </p> </div> Numl Printing Press en-US NUML journal of critical inquiry 2789-4665 The The “Mumbai Riots” and the Play of Literary Strategies: A Reading of Rahman Abbas’s Rohzin <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>The present paper traces reflections of the 1992-3 Mumbai Riots in Rahman Abbas’s 2016 Indian Urdu novel Rohzin by using instruments of literary criticism. While this novel is overtly a story about the love of two young people, it is also a profoundly political novel bearing on a number of problems faced by the younger generation, especially young Muslims in India. Since politics and aesthetics are enmeshed in the plot, the parts of novel related to the Mumbai Riots show that both plot and literary strategies—focalization, time-frame, flashbacks and flash-forwards—employed by the author carry the political import of the text. Furthermore, the features of Magical Realism in the selected text also have both aesthetic and political impact. The article attempts to shows how literary strategies are employed in support of a multi- religious, politically riven, and secular India.</p> </div> </div> </div> Almuth Degener Copyright (c) 2021 NUML journal of critical inquiry 2021-06-29 2021-06-29 19 1 1 18 10.52015/numljci.v19i1.92 CONSTRUCTING A SELF BETWEEN IMAGE AND TEXT: READING BECHDEL’S FUN HOME <p>Graphic memoirs offer a visual representation of the relationship between a moment and the construction of memory. McCloud describes the work of the comic author and the reader as a dance between “the seen and the unseen”. This is what makes the medium of graphic memoirs unique, as it “gives so much to its audience while asking so much from them as well” (1993, p. 92). My aim in this paper is to ascertain the impact using graphic conventions has on the effective and affective construction of meaning and identity in Alison Bechdel’s <em>Fun Home: A Family Tragicomic</em> (2006) and howr The Gutter becomes even more significant in graphic memoirs, because the use of panels can fracture the flow of the narrative into the sequenced segments which alternate with the blank spaces of the gutters. These blank spaces represent an effort to redefine the “connections between memory and history, private experience and public life” via a written account and the “act of witness” represented by a combination of the visual and the verbal (Cvetkovich, 2008, 111-20). Using this mix of image and text, Bechdel creates an almost palimpsestic effect as a majority of panels show items layered over other images, indicating a blending between the narrative of Bechdel’s real life experience and the representation of that life experience in the text. For the reader, this can imply a way to address the gaps in knowledge not only for them but also for Bechdel herself.</p> Zainab Younus Copyright (c) 2021 NUML journal of critical inquiry 2021-12-02 2021-12-02 19 1 10.52015/numljci.v19i1.134 Abjection and Taboo Objects in Edward Bond’s Plays <p>What is most striking about Edward Bond’s plays is his unconventional representation of visible forms of violence and insanity. His plays deeply probe political, economic, and societal norms and values in provocative and thought-provoking ways for which he has often been compared to such contemporary British playwrights as Pinter, Brenton, Osborne, and Arden who profusely use violence and cruelty in their works. This article draws on Julia Kristeva’s theory of abjection and develops the argument that violence in Edward Bond can be placed within the field of abjection as its diverse manifestations appear as taboo objects, abject emaciated, festering bodies and sites of abjection that populate his dramatic world.&nbsp;</p> Salma Khatoon Copyright (c) 2021 NUML journal of critical inquiry 2021-12-02 2021-12-02 19 1 10.52015/numljci.v19i1.96 Between Form and Molecule: Investigating the Beyond in Chris Colfer’s The Wishing Spell <p style="text-align: justify; margin: 0in .5in 10.0pt .5in;"><span style="font-size: 11.0pt; font-family: 'Calibri',sans-serif; color: black;">Fairy tales permeate the world with a magical charm, but time has brought changes in fairy tale narration, mode, context and interpretations. Under the post structural lens, the undertaken research investigates the transformations that occur at molecular level, beyond the physical and molar corporeality among selected characters in the fairy tale,<em> The wishing spell </em>(2013). The focus is not the examination of changes in physical anatomic structure or form of the selected characters, rather the exploration of body’s capability and potentials of undergoing phenomenological transformations through the lens of <em>becoming molecular</em> by Gilles Deleuze and Felix Guattari (1987). Becoming molecular promotes the idea that instead of comprehending the whole form of an issue, a fragment or molecule needs to be comprehended as it makes it easy to understand the entire form of problem. <em>Becoming molecular</em> is an internal or mind attachment of the body to another entity and the attachment or link is beyond the physical form of corporal state of being. The undertaken research endeavors to map multiple occurrences of <em>becoming molecular</em> in the characters of Snow White and the Evil Queen, by following the thematic model of textual analysis by Miles and Huberman (2014)<em>. </em>The findings reveal that <em>becoming molecular</em> is an endless process that emerges in unlimited molecular links amid two different bodies. These links illuminate profound insights by influencing thoughts and bringing changes in actions and behavior. The changes cannot be perceived through senses as in the physical world. These links do not disrupt the physical appearance of either body, rather bring changes at molecular level.&nbsp;</span></p> Zainab Akram Copyright (c) 2021 NUML journal of critical inquiry 2021-12-02 2021-12-02 19 1 10.52015/numljci.v19i1.106 A Research Article <p>The article examines <em>The Wasted Vigil</em>, a post-9/11 novel by&nbsp; Nadeem Aslam to find out how the writer articulates imperialist ideology in his composition. The study reveals that the writer internalizes the imperialist discourses on the war in Afghanistan and becomes a voice of the imperialist powers by consolidating their ideology. Some of the ideologies that the novel incorporates are Western cultural supremacy, fear of the ‘evil empire’, mystic East, human rights violation, stereotyping, Islamophobia, patriarchy, white man’s burden, rehabilitation and political economy. Inspired by the theories of Said, Dabashi, and Chomsky, the paper approves that the writer, obliterating some ground realities, extends on the persistent misrepresentation of the local culture and stereotypes the war-affected people of Afghanistan as established by the imperialists during the New Great Game.&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> Amir Abbasi Copyright (c) 2021 NUML journal of critical inquiry 2021-12-02 2021-12-02 19 1 10.52015/numljci.v19i1.102